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How to become an MLOps Engineer?

  • April 17, 2023
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Meet the Author : Mr. Bharani Kumar

Bharani Kumar Depuru is a well known IT personality from Hyderabad. He is the Founder and Director of Innodatatics Pvt Ltd and 360DigiTMG. Bharani Kumar is an IIT and ISB alumni with more than 18+ years of experience, he held prominent positions in the IT elites like HSBC, ITC Infotech, Infosys, and Deloitte. He is a prevalent IT consultant specializing in Industrial Revolution 4.0 implementation, Data Analytics practice setup, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, Industrial IoT, Business Intelligence and Business Management. Bharani Kumar is also the chief trainer at 360DigiTMG with more than Ten years of experience and has been making the IT transition journey easy for his students. 360DigiTMG is at the forefront of delivering quality education, thereby bridging the gap between academia and industry.

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To construct machine learning models and apply them to company operations, data scientists, data engineers, designers, business professionals, and IT specialists must collaborate. Enterprises that wish to use AI and ML at scale, resulting in a three-fold increase in ROI over enterprises in the AI proof-of-concept stage, must successfully collaborate and orchestrate.

MLOps brings together many teams inside a firm to speed up the development and deployment of machine learning models. It is based on software development DevOps concepts. In this post, we'll go into MLOps in depth, explain how it streamlines whole ML processes, and provide some instances of companies that have already implemented it.

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MLOps is the next step in the evolution of operations. It's a fresh perspective on day-to-day operations that may make them easier to manage and more efficient for your staff. MLOps is all about optimizing your organization's processes, automating them, and making sure you're utilizing the appropriate technologies. It is about taking the time to understand your team's requirements and making them a reality.

MLOps is a term that refers to the interaction of data science, DevOps, and data engineering. An MLOps engineer uses software engineering and data science abilities to move machine learning models from testing to production. To construct machine learning models and apply them to company operations, data scientists, data engineers, designers, business professionals, and IT specialists must collaborate. Enterprises that wish to apply AI and ML at scale, resulting in a three-fold increase in ROI over enterprises in the AI proof-of-concept stage, must successfully collaborate and orchestrate.

What is MLOps?

MLOps (Machine Learning Operations) is a collection of practices for data scientists and operations experts to collaborate and communicate. Using these practices improves the quality of Machine Learning and Deep Learning models, simplifies administration, and automates their deployment in large-scale production systems. Models are easier to align with corporate demands as well as regulatory regulations.

It is an engineering profession that strives to standardize and simplify the continuous delivery of high-performing models in production by unifying ML system development (dev) with ML system deployment (ops).

  • MLOps seeks to standardize the delivery cycle for machine learning and software applications.
  • MLOps allows for the automatic assessment of machine learning artifacts. (e.g. data validation, ML model testing, and ML model integration testing)
  • MLOps allows agile concepts to be applied to machine learning tasks.

MLOps is one of the essential techniques that aid in the operationalization of AI. According to Forbes, the market for MLOps is estimated to reach USD 4 billion by 2025. MLOps is a practice that combines Machine Learning, DevOps, and Data Engineering. It enables organizations to implement and maintain machine learning systems in production in a reliable and effective manner.

MLOps personnel have been in limited supply, which drives up their market demand. The average projected compensation that an MLOps Engineer gets is USD 90,529 according to Glassdoor. It's partially because many data scientists regard ML model creation as the conclusion of their work. It is an MLOps Engineer who makes these models available to the end-users.

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Who exactly is an MLOp Engineer?

Machine learning engineers design, build, and maintain machine learning solutions. They keep an eye on your algorithms to ensure they are functioning correctly. They are also in charge of developing new models and improving existing ones. They are knowledgeable in a multitude of fields, including data science, software engineering, and their specialized line of work. They must also be able to grasp business difficulties and employ machine learning technologies to identify solutions.

As an MLOps engineer, you will be responsible for deploying machine learning models and ensuring that they are operational in production. Because you will not be creating the models yourself, machine learning abilities alone will not be enough for this position.

The MLOps Engineer will collaborate with the data science team to create and manage a platform for automating the creation, training, deployment, and updating of machine learning models. The MLOps engineer will be well-versed in Apache Spark, Scala, and Python, as well as have built large-scale data pipelines using Apache Kafka. The MLOps Engineer should be able to work alone as well as in a collaborative setting, and they should be enthusiastic about developing highly scalable, efficient, and easy-to-maintain solutions.

To bring the model into production, you must first grasp the underlying machine learning method. The machine learning model will be built by the data science team, however, you may need to modify some of their code for deployment. Most models developed by data science teams are unsuitable for production because they cannot manage massive volumes of data entering the system in real-time. You will need to incorporate the machine learning model into the company's existing data infrastructure as an MLOps engineer. You should also concentrate on optimizing the model so that it can handle big volumes of data in a production context.

Production systems must manage an infinite quantity of data entering the server daily. As more traffic enters the system, the model must scale to provide accurate forecasts. The MLOps engineer may also need to change the model and integrate advancements regularly without affecting system performance.

Why should you pursue a career as an MLOps engineer?

The need for talent in all data-related jobs has never been higher.

Data science is a cutthroat industry. It is quite popular, and most recent grads are seeking data science jobs these days. MLOps is not as popular as data science, but the pay scale is comparable. The typical MLOps engineer pays in the United States is roughly $100,000, whereas a data scientist gets around $119,000.

Many possibilities exist in the MLOps sector since companies are trying to employ more people who can deploy machine learning models into production.

How does one become an MLOp Engineer?

To become an MLOps engineer, you must first master the following data science and DevOps skills.

  • Programming Language Knowledge: Python is used by the vast majority of data scientists, so it's a good place to start. Languages like C++ are useful to study because of their faster runtime and comprehensive machine-learning library support.
  • Server Management Skills: You must understand how servers work to work as an MLOps engineer. You should also learn about several operating systems, notably Linux. Download an Ubuntu virtual PC to get started if you don't have a Linux operating system.
  • Learn Scripting: As an MLOps engineer, you must enhance your scripting language abilities to automate operations. You may begin with Bash, which is now one of the most popular scripting languages. Popular programming languages such as Python, Go, and Ruby are used to automating machine learning system deployment.
  • Model Deployment: As an MLOps engineer, you must deploy machine learning applications to a production server.
  • The bulk of large corporations hosts their machine-learning applications on cloud platforms. AWS, GCP, and Microsoft Azure are the three most significant cloud platforms today, and familiarity with these platforms is required for most MLOps job advertisements.

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MLOps Engineer Salary in the United States

MLOps Engineering may be the appropriate decision for you if you want to shift careers or make more money. The national average income for an MLOps Engineer is $94,608 per year, according to Glassdoor. In India, the average salary is

As an MLOps Engineer, you may earn a lot of money.

Consider becoming an MLOps Engineer if you're searching for a new career or considering retraining and returning to school. In India, the average compensation for this position is 10,48,920.

Background in Education It is necessary to be an MLOP Engineer

Engineers that deal with MLOps must have a wide range of abilities. They should be conversant with data science and machine learning approaches, as well as have some experience with software development. Most job advertising for MLOps engineers says that individuals with a quantitative degree in one of the following disciplines are preferred:

  • Engineering in Computer Science
  • Statistics by Computation
  • Mathematics and data science

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However, most companies are aware that MLOps is a constantly growing profession, and that the most crucial trait a candidate may have is the ability to swiftly pick up new abilities. It is possible to study software development and data science topics without a degree. Indeed, many significant hires lack formal degrees in computer science or data-related fields but are capable of executing the job.

Skills Required to be an MLOp Engineer

  • Design and implementation of cloud systems (AWS, Azure, or GCP)
  • Knowledge of Docker and Kubernetes
  • Capability to create MLOps pipelines
  • Excellent knowledge of Linux
  • Understanding of frameworks such as Keras, PyTorch, and TensorFlow
  • Knowledge of software development
  • Understanding of techniques used by data scientists
  • Knowledge of prominent MLOps frameworks such as Kubeflow, MLFlow, and DataRobot

In the few short years that MLOp's popularity has grown, other open-source frameworks have emerged. In a move that emphasizes the importance of this approach, ML will help organizations of all sizes build effective strategies, manage, and prosper in the future.

In conclusion, MLOps' role is to assist the organization in developing and maintaining an ML platform that supports the company's aims. They construct data pipelines, train models, and build up applications. MLOps are frequently in charge of ensuring that their systems function well, but they can also work on initiatives such as refining the model or architecture itself.

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