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How Secure are IoT Devices?

  • July 14, 2023
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Meet the Author : Mr. Bharani Kumar

Bharani Kumar Depuru is a well known IT personality from Hyderabad. He is the Founder and Director of Innodatatics Pvt Ltd and 360DigiTMG. Bharani Kumar is an IIT and ISB alumni with more than 18+ years of experience, he held prominent positions in the IT elites like HSBC, ITC Infotech, Infosys, and Deloitte. He is a prevalent IT consultant specializing in Industrial Revolution 4.0 implementation, Data Analytics practice setup, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, Industrial IoT, Business Intelligence and Business Management. Bharani Kumar is also the chief trainer at 360DigiTMG with more than Ten years of experience and has been making the IT transition journey easy for his students. 360DigiTMG is at the forefront of delivering quality education, thereby bridging the gap between academia and industry.

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Introduction

Every day, more and more Internet of Things (IoT) devices are used by people. IoT security is becoming a problem for both manufacturers and customers due of this constant output. Unfortunately, neither of them has any free time to consider how secure IoT items are. IoT device security is not a top issue for manufacturers since they want to swiftly raise the bar for their goods. And customers don't have time to stop and consider that they are taking big risks; they just want to live comfortably.

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IoT devices have a lot of vulnerabilities that make it simple for hackers to compromise them. Furthermore, it is impossible to be mistaken if you claim that these gadgets will be used by hackers to hack you.

How Secure are IoT Devices?

Security is always being a negligible element in IoT devices. They keep on exploiting the users from their first days. These devices are not as secure as they need to be. The most common devices have low-level security. It means that theyare very close to getting cyberpunks.

The majority of IoT devices' software provide third-class hardware security. The inadequate security of IoT devices has been exposed by multiple incidents of cybersecurity breaches. IoT devices may be purchased at a very low cost. They lack fundamental security measures, which is why they are so inexpensive.

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When an IoT device is compromised, it gives hackers access to the whole network. Even while 90% of IoT devices are vulnerable, it does not imply that all of them are. The market is flooded with expensive protected gadgets that provide superior security features and allay consumer concerns.

As told earlier that approximately 90 percent of IoT devices are ready to be hacked, so what makes them insecure is a question. The following points will give you the answer to this question.

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  • One of the major reasons for IoT insecurity is that the devices are not managed properly. They lack an organized way of authentication. When the devices do not identify accurately, then authorized IoT devices may gain access to the network and start misusing the sensitive data of the users.
  • The devices have default passwords that can be guessed by hackers quickly and easily. There is no mechanism to identify the persons who log into the device. Brute force attacks are very common on devices that lack security elements and have the default passwords. There is an IoT device that even not allows the users to change the password and that is the worst thing. And the users are also keeping IoT insecure by not change the password and names of the devices.
  • The hidden backdoors are also a great threat to IoT devices. This is the international vulnerability that is implanted in the connected devices. This is a hacker's favorite point and they are always in search of hidden backdoors.
  • The IoT devices lose basic encryption methods that make them insecure. There is not a particular encryption standard that is why these devices can be hacked easily. The hackers use an encryption key to attack the communication and take the control of the devices. Cybercriminals also make unauthenticated devices in this way that can perform malicious tasks.
  • The users keep on using the outdated operating system and their router lack updates. Even if some users update their devices, they use unauthorized sources to download updates. Hence, in this way, the hackers found a way and they can attach the bugs or can get the sensitive details of the users to download this update. In this way, the hackers can use these details to log into the device and can start exploiting the devices.
  • As the manufacturers only want to get their products in the market in a hurry. This is why they do not pay attention to the security of IoT devices. They do not have enough security attributes that can make a device secure. An unfortunate fact is that the above insecurities are not the ones that cannot be resolved or impossible; the only thing is that there is no time for thinking for security on both sides (manufacturing and usage).

How to resolve these insecurities?

People need to ask this specific inquiry. by taking the necessary steps to resolve these security concerns. Most of the aforementioned problems are simply fixable, but it will require some time and effort on the part of both consumers and manufacturers.

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  • The manufacturers must produce the products with a particular standard. In this, the devices will not find any regulatory issues and the hackers will not be able to use the encryption key to take access to IoT devices.
  • Such devices must be released that allows changing password and username. And the devices must contain two layers of security factors to authenticate users in the network.
  • The users need to set a strong password and there must be a restriction in the software for users to create a password that contains letters, special symbols, and numeric. In this way, the password will not be guessed easily and the hackers will not find any way to attack the devices.
  • The updates must need to be downloaded from known and authorized sources. To keep the device away from hackers, the users should check the updates regularly. This is because the companies are working on the vulnerabilities of the software day by day and updating their software quickly. So with up-to-date software one can get a malware-free device.
  • The users should create a guest network on the routers to create a dedicated connection for all IoT devices. This will protect the main router and the important devices connected with it from cybercriminals.

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Wrapping Up

The IoT gadgets are posing a serious threat to people's privacy. They lack standard security safeguards, which is equivalent to leaving your front door unlocked to hackers. The risk has grown along with the number of gadgets. Therefore, a security check must be done and the necessary steps taken to safeguard the device by both the producers and the customers.

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