Must know topics & techniques for profession of Artificial Intelligence
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What is AI?
The phrases AI, short for artificial intelligence, and machine learning are not unfamiliar to us because they are now the most popular subjects in the professional world. Students are enrolling in courses in AI and machine learning at an increasing rate and creating creative projects. But what is AI in reality?
AI, often known as artificial intelligence, is a discipline of computer science that focuses on giving machines the ability to think so that they may execute tasks without the need for human interaction.
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Although the phrases "artificial intelligence" and "machine learning" may sound brand-new, Alan Turing first proposed the idea of AI during World War II. The mathematician Alan Turing created a device to decrypt the encrypted Nazi data that the allies' troops had collected. He created an algorithm that enabled the machine to anticipate the altered code automatically, unlocking the secret message. This led him to wonder whether we might give robots a thought process through artificial means.
This sparked a flood of machine learning research. We are now able to test these ideas thanks to the advancement of technology. Since the area of artificial intelligence has expanded so much, no one, widely recognised definition of the term exists. The area of AI is primarily concerned with teaching robots to reason in order to choose the best course of action for any given situation.
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What are the Career Prospects of AI?
As mentioned earlier, the field of AI has become very vast due to an immense amount of research done in the field. With the increasing vastness of the field, the number of career prospects of the profession also increased twofold. There are a variety of jobs available in the profession of AI, some of which are: data scientist, machine learning engineer, research scientist, business intelligence developer, big data engineer and many more.
AI has become a major career opportunity in big firms and companies which are digitally based. According to recent market research, data scientists, machine learning engineers and data miners are some of the highest in-demand AI jobs. So, it is safe to say that a career in professional AI is a bright prospect right now.
However, this field is not easy at all and due to the high demand, it has become fiercely competitive. So, it is essential for any candidate to know the necessary topics and techniques to excel in the profession.
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The Must-Know Topics and Techniques for Professional AI
First and foremost, you must be exceptionally skilled in mathematics and statistics if you want to pursue a career in professional artificial intelligence. Any notion utilised in machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) has these two topics as its base. For one to excel in this sector, one must also have a technical degree of knowledge and comprehension of computer science. The following is a summary of the key concepts and methods that anyone interested in a career in artificial intelligence should be aware of.
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- Probability and Statistics- Professionals in the field of AI should have detailed knowledge and understanding of the concepts of probability and statistics. Probability and statistics both play an important role in the field of AI. The main job of professionals in AI is to create models for different purposes. These models cannot be created or evaluated without the use of the concepts of probability and statistics. Statistics serve as the metric for evaluating an AI model and navigating the basic algorithms involved in the development of the model. So, a professional of AI should be very skilled in using and implementing probability and statistical concepts in machines.
- Programming Language Knowledge- It is well known that having a foundational understanding of programming languages like Python, C++, Java, etc. is essential to becoming a professional AI developer or machine learning specialist. Python is most frequently chosen by programmers because of its simplicity, which facilitates the creation of algorithms. Additionally, C++ is favoured because it drastically cuts down on development time. Some high-level programming tasks require R programming skills since without R, one cannot do statistics and graphs well. For the program's mappers and reducers to be implemented, the programmers also need to be familiar with Java. These days, there are many online resources, including tutorials and open-source libraries, that may be used to quickly learn any programming language.
- Understanding of Mathematics and Algorithms- The most sought-after skills in an AI developer is the knowledge of applied mathematics and developing algorithms. An ideal candidate for professional AI is required to have decent analytical and problem-solving skills. Problem-solving and analytical skills are very important for an AI developer as it is very necessary for figuring out the best way to approach a problem and thereby helps in creating the most efficient algorithm. Algorithms occupy a lot of time and space, so creating the shortest and most efficient algorithms reduces both the time consumed for the program to run and also the memory occupied by the algorithm. According to some recruiters, this is one of the most important skills that an AI developer should have.
- Efficient in using Unix Tools- The modelling and development of AI systems are often done on UNIX systems, which makes it essential for developers to have a full understanding of the UNIX interface and the numerous tools that go along with it. This is in contrast to the standard professional work in the coding business. Cut, tr, sort, find, grep, awk, and other tools for UNIX or Linux-based systems are the most often used tools. They differ from other operating system tools and demand that the programmer has a solid understanding of how to use them. Due to the simpler programming interface and more effective compilation software, which makes coding and verifying easier and also improves the effectiveness of the created models, Linux-based operating systems are utilised for these reasons.
- Distributed Computing- It is important to understand that while we are working with AI systems, there needs to be a huge amount of data that is necessary for developing the algorithm for the system. So often it becomes very difficult for a single system to accommodate the large data sets used for the analytics. To overcome this complexity, often an entire cluster of systems is used which is known as distributed computing. So an AI system developer should be very well familiarized with distributed computing in order to work with large data sets. An AI professional becomes capable of handling problems and sharpens their skills while using distributed computing, so it is a very important skill for any candidate to have who aspires to become a professional in the field of AI.
- Creativity and Curiosity- The study of AI is nothing more than a test of a programmer's analytical and problem-solving abilities. In order to handle the problem at hand in the most effective manner possible and to understand the proper and crucial information from a vast cluster of data, it is crucial to have an intrinsic sense of creativity and curiosity in oneself. The developer has the motivation required to come up with the most innovative solutions to the most challenging challenges since they are curious and creative. A creative developer is particularly effective at creating analytical systems because they will take a unique tack on a frequent issue.
- Advanced Signal Processing Techniques- Data extraction or feature extraction is one of the most vital aspects of machine learning and AI development, so any candidate thinking about entering the profession of AI should have sufficient knowledge about Advanced Signal Processing Techniques. The main concept of signal processing is the time domain analysis of the input signal given to the system. In other words, the candidate should have a complete understanding of the concepts of numerical analysis like Fourier analysis, Convolution theorem and Laplace transformation. An AI developer is expected to be well-versed in developing various signal processing algorithms, so the concepts about signal processing should be very clear.
- Keeping up with new Technology and Concepts- The field of artificial intelligence is expanding daily, as was already noted. Additionally, technology is growing quickly, making it crucial for experts in AI to be informed about the latest discoveries and advances in order to continue creating ever-more complex programmes that use AI and machine learning. Around the world, AI is a field that is expanding. Knowing about the many research and analytics tools being created globally for the use of AI is quite useful for a professional.
- Being Patient- The breakthrough in AI and machine learning is relatively new and experts are still coming up with new concepts and ideas. It needs to be remembered that this field is very difficult, so sometimes it might feel overwhelming, but patience and perseverance is the key here if you want to be a professional AI developer.
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